Ultimate Guide to Philodendrons
The philodendron is a type of flowering plant and it is a common species of plant used for indoor decoration. There are a variety of reasons why these indoor plants are used for homes and businesses, but the main reasons people like them are they look great and can really add charm and appeal to indoor spaces.
Ambius interior landscaping specialists often use philodendrons when considering species of indoor plants to add to offices. Their overall ability to grow even in harsh conditions also makes them ideal for interior landscapes. They do not need much maintenance and do not have too many pest problems, making them a great indoor plant all around.
If your space could use a boost from plant life and you’re considering philodendrons, contact Ambius and set up a consultation with one of our designers today.
Read below for more details about philodendrons and see why they are so often used for interiors. Simply click on a question to be directed to the answer.
What are philodendrons?
The philodendron is a type of flowering plant and is part of the Araceae family of flowering plants. They are characterized by their spadix, which is the stem encircled by the white portion which is known as the spathe. The spadix is actually a stem covered from top to bottom with tiny flowers (known as an inflorescence). Often times the philodendron is also known as being part of the arum family and sometimes referred to as aroids.
The family of plants containing the philodendron has about 114 genera and there are roughly 3,750 known species of plant. Originally a tropical plant, they have been transported to areas all around the world and found to flourish very well. In fact, they are considered a New World tropical plant and are among the most diverse within that group.
What is climbing philodendron?
There are a couple of types of philodendron, and both are usually used with indoor plants:
- Climbing – as the name indicates, this is a type of philodendron with heart-shaped leaves which usually come in a very deep green color. They will start climbing up any kind of vertical surface nearby, which is why they are often planted with poles so they can be trained to grow upward on those. Otherwise, they will grow up the sides of windows, and down the sides of their containers.
- Upright – these types of philodendron usually have larger green leaves. They do not climb as wildly as the climbing variety and tend to take up less space. Upright philodendrons usually grow a bit slower than their climbing cousins, but left unchecked they can grow quite large anyway.
Which one works best for your office or interior space space depends heavily on the needs of your space, as well as light and watering conditions. A philodendron has the potential to take up a lot of space if it climbs up walls, windows or filing cabinets, so care should be taken to find the right type of philodendron for your space.
What is split leaf philodendron?
The phrase “split leaf philodendron” is most often used to refer to the swiss cheese plant, or Monstera deliciosa. This plant is not actually a philodendron, but it is related. The swiss cheese plant could work well in your office as well, adding some much-needed greenery with its sizable leaves.
What is heart leaf philodendron?
You’ve probably seen a heart leaf philodendron at some point in an indoor space. This plant can be used in green walls, hanging baskets, or it can stand by itself. It can also sit beneath another plant. Heart leaf philodendron is a good match for multiple environments, such as offices or malls.
As the name suggests, the leaves are shaped like hearts. Though this makes them appear loving, they don’t love an overabundance of light. This plant should stay away from direct sunlight. Contact Ambius to learn more about whether the heart leaf philodendron would suit your environment.
Are philodendrons poisonous?
The short answer to this question is yes. Philodendrons can be poisonous to both people and pets. Although they are very popular with homeowners and people who want to add some plant life to their office environment, they have to be very careful with them. This is particularly true of people with dogs, cats or children.
Philodendrons can climb down over the edges of their containers and trail along the floor. This is just the kind of inviting sight a dog or cat might find irresistible. They may be tempted to take a bite and this could have dire consequences. People who keep these flowering plants in areas where there are pets, need to make sure they are trimmed back and not within easy access for inquiring and curious snouts.
The symptoms of poisoning from ingesting a philodendron may be a burning sensation on the tongue or lips and throat. This can eventually lead to swelling of the lips and throat, which can block airways and be dangerous. Often, the later stages of philodendron ingestion include vomiting and diarrhea.
While a child or adult may be able to vocalize their distress, noticing the symptoms in a dog or cat is different. A pet who has ingested a philodendron may have diarrhea, dilated eyes, or itchiness, causing them to paw at their face or mouth area. They may start to vomit or express distress through cries and other vocalizations. If you suspect a pet has ingested part of a philodendron, take them to an emergency veterinarian immediately.
What are some philodendron types?
There are multiple types of philodendrons available. In fact, there are thousands of species of philodendron from around the world. Philodendrons could turn your property into a more vibrant place for visitors and employees alike. Learn more about some examples below:
This is a hybrid philodendron and is relatively new on the market. This is an upright plant and grows very vigorously. What sets this one apart is the coloring. The leaves are brownish/maroon and nearly red in color when they are growing. When the leaves are open and the plant is an adult, the leaves turn deep green with traces of red.
Usually a tabletop plant, this is a new cultivar of philodendron combining the Philodendron scandens and Epipremnum species. These are a climbing variety that has already become very popular for people who have hanging baskets, as they look great hanging from windows and porches. They have a mixture of light and dark green leaves and grow best in warm weather.
The variegated coloring of Philodendron ‘Brasil’ could make it a great addition to your space. Get in touch with Ambius to see whether this type suits the environment of your property.
Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium
Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium is also known as heart leaf philodendron. It is a vining plant. The leaves are dark green in color and yet another type that could enhance the atmosphere of your premises.
What is Philodendron selloum?
The phrase “Philodendron selloum” is most likely referring to Philodendron bipinnatifidum, which can also be known as tree philodendron. The big leaves of this plant have parts that look a bit like fingers. This philodendron looks nice as a floor plant and should be exposed to bright, indirect light. It could really contribute to the visual appeal of your space and make for a welcoming atmosphere.
What is Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’?
Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’ leaves are shiny and orange in color when they are new, but they become green over time. The interiors of offices or other buildings can often become drab and dull, but this extra boost of color could contribute a little extra life to your property. Contact us to see if ‘Prince of Orange’ is right for you.
What is the difference between philodendron vs pothos?
Philodendron and pothos can look similar, but they are actually different kinds of plants. Pothos plants fall under the genus Epipremnum. Pothos leaves can be a bit harder than philodendron leaves. Also, philodendron stems may be rounder, compared to lines that can be found in pothos stems.
Why do philodendrons make excellent houseplants?
The reason philodendrons make such good indoor plants is that they adapt to various lighting and water conditions and thrive indoors very well. The plants have large, green, dark leaves which allow them to absorb even the tiniest traces of light and water. Often, the reason philodendron leaves turn yellow is that people overwater them.
If you have an office that really wants to make interior spaces pop, a philodendron will grow along the top of cubicles and filing cabinets. They will grow up walls and along windows, too. Depending on your desired look, they can be cut back. But either way, it’s a good, fast way to add a lot of green, red, and other bright colors throughout an office.
Philodendrons tend to like warmer climates, but if the indoor areas can be kept warm, they will continue to grow and thrive even during the winter.
How do you care for a philodendron?
Taking care of a philodendron can be much easier when compared to other kinds of indoor plants, but it is not really “set it and forget it.” There are some things to remember. Try to keep the temperature between 65°F and 85°F and maintain some humidity in the air where the plant will be kept.
It is also important for dead leaves to be removed, a regular service performed by our Ambius technicians. If you do not want the plant to grow too large, regular pruning can be done as well.
What kind of light do philodendrons need?
The light requirements of philodendrons can vary with the leaf color. Philodendrons with solid green leaves can handle a bit less light, such as the light in an office cubicle. As a result, these ones could be perfect for your work environment. Philodendrons without solid green leaves can tolerate more light and should be exposed to indirect, bright light.
The best possible spot for philodendrons is somewhere near a window, but where the sunlight does not directly hit the foliage. Too much sunlight can cause the philodendron leaves to turn yellow.
How do you prune philodendrons?
If the vines on your philodendron become long, it uses more water and requires more maintenance. It also provides more space for pest problems. Pruning can help combat this issue. Simply cut above where another leaf is attached to the stem.
For the best philodendron plant care, look to the experts. Ambius knows how to properly prune philodendrons and keep them looking great. Contact us today to learn more.
How often should you water philodendrons?
Philodendrons do not need nearly as much water as some other plants. Over-watering them could actually harm them. If the plant is in high light or the temperature is warmer, it should be watered more often, but in low light or cooler temperatures, watering should occur less often.
In fact, the best way to keep them growing is to let the top layer of soil get dried out. Roughly the first inch or so, which is usually about the length of the tip of your finger to the first knuckle. If you can insert your finger that far and feel the dried soil at the top, the more damp soil below, then you are watering it right.
How can you tell if philodendrons need water? One red flag is a wilting plant. If you see it wilting, examine the soil to see if it needs water. If the plant is light in weight when you lift it up, it could be time to water. Yellow leaves can also be related to watering habits. So if you see a wilted philodendron or yellow leaves, assess soil moisture.
With Ambius, you won’t have to worry about whether or not your plants are getting enough water. Ambius understands the watering requirements of philodendrons and will take care to give them the appropriate amount of water so you don’t need to be concerned with it. Reach out to us to find out more about our services.
What should I do if I’m interested in philodendrons?
Philodendrons are a great option for the indoor environment. If you feel you could use a boost around your business with some philodendrons or one of the many other office plants we can install into your office, contact Ambius today. Our designers will discuss your indoor plant needs and find the right plants for your space.